Boris Rybchenkov (1899-1994)

Image 14 of 20



watercolour on paper
12x19 cm

Ref. # 093-011


Graphic artist, city genre

Boris Rybchenkov

Борис Федерович Рыбченков

Moscow, Russia

Graphic artist, city genre


Boris Fyodorovich Rybchenkov was born in Smolensk. He studied at the Kiev Art College in the pre-revolution years. In 1920, after serving shortly in the war, he moved to Petrograd, where he studied at the Free-Art studios under Altman and Mateev.

In 1921 he moved to Moscow, where he studied at the painting section of VKhUTeMas. Here his teachers were Popova, Drevin, Shevchenko and Udaltsova.

After graduation, he was a member of several of the most influental grouping of artists, including AKhRR (Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia), the famous satirical group ROST, and the Group of Thirteen.

His works of the 1920's-1930's are strongly influenced by the Russian avantgarde. During that period, in particular his pencil-drawings and watercolours stand out. From the mid-thirties, when the artistical freedom of the artists was challenged via the official battle against "formalism", he also suffered because of his affiliation with the Group of Thirteen. He was at a point characterized as contra-revolutionary.

His preferred motive was always the urban landscape, and from the late 1930's to the 1950's he painted several large series of Moscow and his hometown Smolensk.

From the 1960's Boris Fyodorovich returned to the traditions of Moscow impressionism, which also guided him during the years of the Group of Thirteen. With this inspiration, he painted city-scapes during late evenings and nights, and during rain.

In 1981 he lost his vision almost completely. Three years after he started painting again, using his minimal vision left, which was enough to distinguish colours and rough composition. Some of his paintings of that period are remarkable.

His works are exhibited at all major museums in Russia, including the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow and the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg.


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